ABSTRACT: Sickle cell anemia is a hemoglobin disorder which is most commonly prevailing in tribal areas of the India. Many states of India like Gujarat, Maharastra, Orissa, Tamil nadu, Madhya Pradesh where the prevalence rate of sickle cell anemia is between 5-34%. As there is no standard of care to cure for sickle cell anemia is available so there is a dire need of cost effective management for improving quality of life of patients. Public awareness and health education can play a crucial role in controlling the disease and it can motivate population towards such activities like establishing newborn screening and premarital screening and genotype identification for sickle cell anemia. In current article highlight the importance of awareness if created in proper channelized manner in general population may enhance adherence to health maintenance guidelines and increase knowledge and awareness among those affected and also those not affected so they can be alert enough to provide management in crisis condition and overall improving healthcare access and utilization with support of pharmaceutical healthcare provider. This program will eventually help in lifting up the level of community pharmacist and change the spectrum of population towards healthcare awareness.KEYWORDS: Sickle cell anemia, Hemoglobin disorder, community pharmacist, awareness, health education.
ABSTRACT: Ebola fever is an acute viral syndrome present with fever and ensuing bleeding diathesis which is marked by high mortality in human. The natural reservoir of the disease is unknown. Very little information is known about how Ebola virus is transmitted or how it replicates in its hosts. In current time media like whats app have play a crucial role in spreading and creating a lots of information about Ebola virus. Therefore a survey was conducted to know and spread awareness in people on various aspects of Ebola virus like causative organism, basic treatments, and contingency and to know the curiosity amongst the participants to know and help in creating and spreading such kind of awareness in tribal areas of Valsad district, Gujarat. 100 leaflet and questionnaire on awareness on Ebola virus in local language was prepared with the help of clinical pharmacist. To assess the result percentage analysis method was used. The result stated that 42% participants were aware about the Ebola Virus. 42% were aware about causes and mode of transmission and its contingency. 75% were reported that nothing to be worry about Ebola Virus.23% emphasize importance of media in awareness. Only 11% graduates in the study is the only reason for only 72% willing to know and spread awareness on the Ebola virus in general population. The community pharmacy can enhance the level of curiosity in people by continuous awareness program like this.KEYWORDS: Ebola virus, Awareness, Contingency, Community pharmacy
ABSTRACT: Arthritis and osteoporosis are the most commonly affected joint disorders and most of the general population is being not aware about the basic difference in rheumatoid arthritis and osteoporosis. Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disorder affecting extra-articular cartilage on symmetrical joints. Most of the aged women at post menopausal stage affected by osteoporosis but are unaware about the condition and importance of preventive medications. Current study aims to aware women's of age above 40 years about autoimmune disease rheumatoid arthritis and importance of calcium as preventive medication in late ages. 95% women's have knee pain where 50% have more than frequency of painful episodes more than four times a day. 30 % stated that pain is due to rheumatoid arthritis and only 10% stated that the pain is due to osteoporosis. Only 37% have visited physician for the pain. 45% were believed that less knee movement might be the better option and 51% were believed that level of calcium is responsible for the pain.87% were in favor of preventive calcium supplement in women's above 40 years of age. 90% participants were willing to know the difference between rheumatoid and osteoporosis.KEYWORDS: Rheumatoid arthritis, osteoporosis, autoimmune disorder, calcium supplements
ABSTRACT: Dengue is the most widely spreading parasitic disease nowadays and affecting majority of the people. Dengue virus generally belongs to the family Flaviviridae, which have four serotypes spread by the bite of infected Aedes aegypti mosquitoes. It can cause a wide spectrum of illness from mild asymptomatic illness to severe fatal dengue hemorrhagic fever in to affected person. In the current study the aware3 group decided to create awareness about the dengue fever like causative organism, contingency, treatment and preventive measures in people of industrial town Vapi has been assessed and also with that a general information on disease awareness also been provided via leaflet to spread awareness in the people. To assess the awareness percentage analysis method is used. The result stated 71% people were aware about the disease and 20% were aware about its cause that mosquito is a breeding vector. 41% participants were aware about the symptoms of the disease. There were 65% participants who have seen a case of dengue in their surrounding indicates the disease burden. 100% participants were willing to know and spread awareness about the disease to others. The awareness programs like this will make difference in the healthcare sector one day for sure. KEYWORDS: Dengue, Aedes Aegypti, Flaviviridae, Awareness, Contingency
ABSTRACT: Recently the incidence of dengue increases and it urges the need of creating awareness about the disease. This will help in making population aware about the causative organism like Aedes Aegypti mosquitoes, contingency, prevention, its management and government help in managing the dengue fever. A survey study was conducted to know and spread awareness in people on various aspects of Dengue like causative organism, basic treatments, and contingency in Valsad town, Gujarat. A well designed questionnaire and leaflet about disease on awareness about the disease was prepared with the help of clinical pharmacist and health officer. With an initiative to door to door communication to spread awareness we received fully filled 100 forms and dispatch leaflets on the disease spreading community awareness. For analysis percentage analysis for each question was carried out. 36% of total awareness in which 20% male and 16% female participants were there. Even though it is currently striking in valsad city still people just know name but proper knowledge or awareness on disease is still not there. That gap of knowledge and awareness can be reduced by creating awareness by pharmacist on regular basis not as a responsibility but as a support to the government in developing healthcare. KEYWORDS: Dengue, Contingency, Community awareness, Aedes Aegeypti.
ABSTRACT:Hypertension is a symptom which is directly correlated with the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in general population. Essential hypertension is usually an asymptomatic condition. The prime goal of managing hypertension is to reduce hypertension-associated morbidity & mortality. The proper selection of specific drug therapy is based on evidence which demonstrates the risk reduction. Managing lower blood pressure values has not been proven to provide additional risk reduction except in diabetes or chronic kidney disease patients have a goal blood pressure of less than 130/80 mm Hg. The current study was performed to compare awareness on hypertension and its medication adherence and importance of non pharmacological management in rural and urban area of Valsad. 50 patients each from rural an urban area is voluntarily given their consent to participate in answering the awareness questionnaire. Total 66% were above age of 50 years. 52% were receiving single drug where 46% from urban and 29% from rural. Atenolol and amlodipine were commonly prescribed with 22% in rural and losartan 16% in urban area.40% were receiving two drug combinations where 23% from urban and 17% from rural.74% were following non- pharmacological measure like exercise to control blood pressure. 27% were having habits like smoking and drinking which is a risk factor for hypertension. The awareness on importance of hypertension and pharmacological and non-pharmacological management on regular interval can reduce complications of heart.KEYWORDS: Hypertension, Awareness, Blood pressure, Atenolol, Amlodipine.
ABSTRACT Swine flu, an infectious disease belongs to the family Orthomyxoviridae, which is endemic in populations of pig has strike in many parts of Gujarat and Rajasthan. The cases are increasing day by day. Poor immunity and lack of knowledge on the influenza virus might be the responsible reason. This is a supportive initiative to government for preventing spreading of this kind of contagious disease by assessing the awareness and educating people about its origin, its outbreak, and spreading-distribution, pattern of transmission of swine flu & treatment and care provided by government free of cost. A leaflet on awareness to and well prepared questionnaire for mapping the burden of disease and awareness about the disease. To analyze the result a percentage analysis method has been used. 81% people were aware about the Swine Influenza virus.47% male from 82% were having habits like smoking and drinking could be more prone to any infection.69 % people were aware about its causes and about contingency of the disease. 48% only were aware about basic information on treatment available for the virus. 68% people were aware about the government facility for the patients affected by Swine influenza virus. 78% were willing to know about disease in detail and feel happy to help others in spreading awareness to others. This kind of supportive initiatives may help government in controlling the spread of the diseases. A community pharmacist can play a supportive role in such activity. KEYWORDS: Swine flu, Orthomyxoviridae, Community awareness, contagious disease, Community pharmacist.
ABSTRACT: Sickle cell anemia is an autosomal recessive disorder with which every year 300000 children are born. Because of reduced life of red blood corpuscular the devastating and life threatening clinical sign and symptoms of this disorder the management is major health concern. The current challenge is to improve the prospects of quality of life of the patients with low toxicity and safer and easy to administer therapy as it relatively affect tribal population belongs to lower economical class and spare of education and healthcare facilities. The understanding of pathology helps in designing newer treatment approaches like Fetal hemoglobin augmentation, red cell rehydration, anti-oxidant therapy, acting on adhesion pathway, transfusion and transplantation therapy, and gene therapy have been discussed in this review. The purpose of this review is to spark the light on awareness amongst the healthcare professionals and initiate the research work in the herbal field which might be the safest option for the maintain the quality of life of sickle cell patients. KEYWORDS: sickle cell anemia, quality of life, gene therapy, transfusion, red cell rehydration